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The region behind the shoulder blades rises into a hump, and the neck is short and thick, to the point of being nearly immobile.The animal's head is very large, taking up to one third of the body's entire length.
Sexual dimorphism is very pronounced in the species, with males being typically 5–10% larger and 20–30% heavier than females.
Mongooses, honey badgers, hedgehogs, and pigs all have modifications to the receptor pocket which prevents the snake venom α-neurotoxin from binding.
These represent four separate, independent mutations. Boars are typically social animals, living in female-dominated sounders consisting of barren sows and mothers with young led by an old matriarch.
Boar is sometimes used specifically to refer to males, and may also be used to refer to male domesticated pigs, especially breeding males that have not been castrated. strozzii, a large, possibly swamp-adapted suid ancestral to the modern S. The plane of the forehead is straight, while it is concave in S. scrofa.affinis (Gray, 1847), aipomus (Gray, 1868), aipomus (Hodgson, 1842), bengalensis (Blyth, 1860), indicus (Gray, 1843), isonotus (Gray, 1868), isonotus (Hodgson, 1842), jubatus (Miller, 1906), typicus (Lydekker, 1900), zeylonensis (Blyth, 1851)Smaller than S. scrofa, with a higher and wider skull, since the 1950s, it has crossed extensively with S. scrofa, largely due to the two being kept together in meat farms and artificial introductions by hunters of S. Domestic pigs tend to have much more developed hindquarters than their wild boar ancestors, to the point where 70% of their body weight is concentrated in the posterior, which is the opposite of wild boar, where most of the muscles are concentrated on the head and shoulders.
'Sow', the traditional name for a female, again comes from Old English and Germanic; it stems from Proto-Indo-European, and is related to the Latin sus and Greek hus and more closely to the modern German Sau. The animals' specific name scrofa is Latin for 'sow'. verrucosus throughout the Eurasian mainland, restricting it to insular Asia.anglicus (Reichenbach, 1846), aper (Erxleben, 1777), asiaticus (Sanson, 1878), bavaricus (Reichenbach, 1846), campanogallicus (Reichenbach, 1846), capensis (Reichenbach, 1846), castilianus (Thomas, 1911), celticus (Sanson, 1878), chinensis (Linnaeus, 1758), crispus (Fitzinger, 1858), deliciosus (Reichenbach, 1846), domesticus (Erxleben, 1777), europaeus (Pallas, 1811), fasciatus (von Schreber, 1790), ferox (Moore, 1870), ferus (Gmelin, 1788), gambianus (Gray, 1847), hispidus (von Schreber, 1790), hungaricus (Reichenbach, 1846), ibericus (Sanson, 1878), italicus (Reichenbach, 1846), juticus (Fitzinger, 1858), lusitanicus (Reichenbach, 1846), macrotis (Fitzinger, 1858), monungulus (G. Its head is larger and more pointed than that of S. The wild boar is a bulky, massively built suid with short and relatively thin legs.
Males also sport a mane running down the back, which is particularly apparent during autumn and winter.